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<h3><font color=0000ff>
C177 Home Work Convention, 1996 
</font></h3></b><font size=-2>
Convention concerning Home Work 
((Note: Date of coming into force: 22:04:2000) 
<br>Convention:C177 
<br>Place:Geneva 
<br>Session of the Conference:83 
<br>Date of adoption:20:06:1996 
<br>Subject classification: Conditions of employment
<br>
      <br>
      Status: Up-to-date instrument 
This Convention was adopted after 1985 and is considered up to date. 
 
</FONT><p> 
The General Conference of the International Labour Organization,<p>
<p>
Having been convened at Geneva by the Governing Body of the International 
Labour Office, and having met in its Eighty-third Session on 4 June 1996, and<p>
<p>
Recalling that many international labour Conventions and Recommendations 
laying down standards of general application concerning working conditions are 
applicable to homeworkers, and<p>
<p>
Noting that the particular conditions characterizing home work make it 
desirable to improve the application of those Conventions and Recommendations 
to homeworkers, and to supplement them by standards which take into account 
the special characteristics of home work, and<p>
<p>
Having decided upon the adoption of certain proposals with regard to home 
work, which is the fourth item on the agenda of the session, and<p>
<p>
Having determined that these proposals shall take the form of an international 
Convention;<p>
<p>
adopts, this twentieth day of June of the year one thousand nine hundred and 
ninety-six, the following Convention, which may be cited as the Home Work 
Convention, 1996:<p>
<p>
<p> 
Article 1<p>
<p>
For the purposes of this Convention:<p>
<p>
(a) the term <i> home work </i> means work carried out by a person, to be referred 
to as a homeworker,<p>
<p>
(i) in his or her home or in other premises of his or her choice, other than 
the workplace of the employer;<p>
<p>
(ii) for remuneration;<p>
<p>
(iii) which results in a product or service as specified by the employer, 
irrespective of who provides the equipment, materials or other inputs used,<p>
<p>
unless this person has the degree of autonomy and of economic independence 
necessary to be considered an independent worker under national laws, 
regulations or court decisions;<p>
<p>
(b) persons with employee status do not become homeworkers within the meaning 
of this Convention simply by occasionally performing their work as employees 
at home, rather than at their usual workplaces;<p>
<p>
(c) the term <i> employer </i> means a person, natural or legal, who, either 
directly or through an intermediary, whether or not intermediaries are 
provided for in national legislation, gives out home work in pursuance of his 
or her business activity.<p>
<p>
Article 2<p>
<p>
This Convention applies to all persons carrying out home work within the 
meaning of Article 1.<p>
<p>
Article 3<p>
<p>
Each Member which has ratified this Convention shall adopt, implement and 
periodically review a national policy on home work aimed at improving the 
situation of homeworkers, in consultation with the most representative 
organizations of employers and workers and, where they exist, with 
organizations concerned with homeworkers and those of employers of 
homeworkers.<p>
<p>
Article 4<p>
<p>
1. The national policy on home work shall promote, as far as possible, 
equality of treatment between homeworkers and other wage earners, taking into 
account the special characteristics of home work and, where appropriate, 
conditions applicable to the same or a similar type of work carried out in an 
enterprise.<p>
<p>
2. Equality of treatment shall be promoted, in particular, in relation to:<p>
<p>
(a) the homeworkers' right to establish or join organizations of their own 
choosing and to participate in the activities of such organizations;<p>
<p>
(b) protection against discrimination in employment and occupation;<p>
<p>
(c) protection in the field of occupational safety and health;<p>
<p>
(d) remuneration;<p>
<p>
(e) statutory social security protection;<p>
<p>
(f) access to training;<p>
<p>
(g) minimum age for admission to employment or work; and<p>
<p>
(h) maternity protection.<p>
<p>
Article 5<p>
<p>
The national policy on home work shall be implemented by means of laws and 
regulations, collective agreements, arbitration awards or in any other 
appropriate manner consistent with national practice.<p>
<p>
Article 6<p>
<p>
Appropriate measures shall be taken so that labour statistics include, to the 
extent possible, home work.<p>
<p>
Article 7<p>
<p>
National laws and regulations on safety and health at work shall apply to home 
work, taking account of its special characteristics, and shall establish 
conditions under which certain types of work and the use of certain substances 
may be prohibited in home work for reasons of safety and health.<p>
<p>
Article 8<p>
<p>
Where the use of intermediaries in home work is permitted, the respective 
responsibilities of employers and intermediaries shall be determined by laws 
and regulations or by court decisions, in accordance with national practice.<p>
<p>
Article 9<p>
<p>
1. A system of inspection consistent with national law and practice shall 
ensure compliance with the laws and regulations applicable to home work.<p>
<p>
2. Adequate remedies, including penalties where appropriate, in case of 
violation of these laws and regulations shall be provided for and effectively 
applied.<p>
<p>
Article 10<p>
<p>
This Convention does not affect more favourable provisions applicable to 
homeworkers under other international labour Conventions.<p>
<p>
 Article 11<p>
<p>
The formal ratifications of this Convention shall be communicated to the 
Director-General of the International Labour Office for registration.<p>
<p>
Article 12<p>
<p>
1. This Convention shall be binding only upon those Members of the 
International Labour Organization whose ratifications have been registered 
with the Director-General of the International Labour Office.<p>
<p>
2. It shall come into force 12 months after the date on which the 
ratifications of two Members have been registered with the Director-General.<p>
<p>
3. Thereafter, this Convention shall come into force for any Member 12 months 
after the date on which its ratification has been registered.<p>
<p>
Article 13<p>
<p>
1. A Member which has ratified this Convention may denounce it after the 
expiration of ten years from the date on which the Convention first comes into 
force, by an act communicated to the Director-General of the International 
Labour Office for registration. Such denunciation shall not take effect until 
one year after the date on which it is registered.<p>
<p>
2. Each Member which has ratified this Convention and which does not, within 
the year following the expiration of the period of ten years mentioned in the 
preceding paragraph, exercise the right of denunciation provided for in this 
Article, will be bound for another period of ten years and, thereafter, may 
denounce this Convention at the expiration of each period of ten years under 
the terms provided for in this Article.<p>
<p>
Article 14<p>
<p>
1. The Director-General of the International Labour Office shall notify all 
Members of the International Labour Organization of the registration of all 
ratifications and denunciations communicated by the Members of the 
Organization.<p>
<p>
2. When notifying the Members of the Organization of the registration of the 
second ratification, the Director-General shall draw the attention of the 
Members of the Organization to the date upon which the Convention shall come 
into force.<p>
<p>
Article 15<p>
<p>
The Director-General of the International Labour Office shall communicate to 
the Secretary-General of the United Nations, for registration in accordance 
with article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations, full particulars of all 
ratifications and acts of denunciation registered by the Director-General in 
accordance with the provisions of the preceding Articles.<p>
<p>
Article 16<p>
<p>
At such times as it may consider necessary, the Governing Body of the 
International Labour Office shall present to the General Conference a report 
on the working of this Convention and shall examine the desirability of 
placing on the agenda of the Conference the question of its revision in whole 
or in part.<p>
<p>
Article 17<p>
<p>
1. Should the Conference adopt a new Convention revising this Convention in 
whole or in part, then, unless the new Convention otherwise provides -<p>
<p>
(a) the ratification by a Member of the new revising Convention shall ipso 
jure involve the immediate denunciation of this Convention, notwithstanding 
the provisions of Article 13 above, if and when the new revising Convention 
shall have come into force;<p>
<p>
(b) as from the date when the new revising Convention comes into force, this 
Convention shall cease to be open to ratification by the Members.<p>
<p>
2. This Convention shall in any case remain in force in its actual form and 
content for those Members which have ratified it but have not ratified the 
revising Convention.<p>
<p>
Article 18<p>
<p>
The English and French versions of the text of this Convention are equally 
authoritative.
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