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C182 Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 
</font></h3><font size=-2>
Convention concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination
of the Worst Forms of Child Labour 
(Note: Date of coming into force: 19:11:2000) 
<br>Convention:C182 
<br>Place:Geneva 
<br>Session of the Conference:87 
<br>Date of adoption:17:06:1999 
<br>
        <br> 
</FONT><p> 
The General Conference of the International Labour Organization,<p>
Having been convened at Geneva by the Governing Body of the International 
Labour Office, and having met in its 87th Session on 1 June 1999, and<p>
Considering the need to adopt new instruments for the prohibition and 
elimination of the worst forms of child labour, as the main priority for 
national and international action, including international cooperation and 
assistance, to complement the Convention and the Recommendation concerning 
Minimum Age for Admission to Employment, 1973, which remain fundamental 
instruments on child labour, and<p>
Considering that the effective elimination of the worst forms of child labour 
requires immediate and comprehensive action, taking into account the 
importance of free basic education and the need to remove the children 
concerned from all such work and to provide for their rehabilitation and 
social integration while addressing the needs of their families, and<p>
Recalling the resolution concerning the elimination of child labour adopted by 
the International Labour Conference at its 83rd Session in 1996, and<p>
Recognizing that child labour is to a great extent caused by poverty and that 
the long-term solution lies in sustained economic growth leading to social 
progress, in particular poverty alleviation and universal education, and<p>
Recalling the Convention on the Rights of the Child adopted by the United 
Nations General Assembly on 20 November 1989, and<p>
Recalling the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work and 
its Follow-up, adopted by the International Labour Conference at its 86th 
Session in 1998, and<p>
Recalling that some of the worst forms of child labour are covered by other 
international instruments, in particular the Forced Labour Convention, 1930, 
and the United Nations Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, 
the Slave Trade, and Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery, 1956, and<p>
Having decided upon the adoption of certain proposals with regard to child 
labour, which is the fourth item on the agenda of the session, and<p>
Having determined that these proposals shall take the form of an international 
Convention;<p>
adopts this seventeenth day of June of the year one thousand nine hundred and 
ninety-nine the following Convention, which may be cited as the Worst Forms of 
Child Labour Convention, 1999.<p>
<p> 
Article 1<p>
<p>
Each Member which ratifies this Convention shall take immediate and effective 
measures to secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child 
labour as a matter of urgency.<p>
Article 2<p>
<p>
For the purposes of this Convention, the term <i> child </i> shall apply to all 
persons under the age of 18.<p>
Article 3<p>
<p>
For the purposes of this Convention, the term <i> the worst forms of child 
labour </i> comprises:<p>
<p>
(a) all forms of slavery or practices similar to slavery, such as the sale and 
trafficking of children, debt bondage and serfdom and forced or compulsory 
labour, including forced or compulsory recruitment of children for use in 
armed conflict;<p>
<p>
(b) the use, procuring or offering of a child for prostitution, for the 
production of pornography or for pornographic performances;<p>
<p>
(c) the use, procuring or offering of a child for illicit activities, in 
particular for the production and trafficking of drugs as defined in the 
relevant international treaties;<p>
<p>
(d) work which, by its nature or the circumstances in which it is carried out, 
is likely to harm the health, safety or morals of children.<p>
Article 4<p>
<p>
1. The types of work referred to under Article 3(d) shall be determined by 
national laws or regulations or by the competent authority, after consultation 
with the organizations of employers and workers concerned, taking into 
consideration relevant international standards, in particular Paragraphs 3 and 
4 of the Worst Forms of Child Labour Recommendation, 1999.<p>
<p>
2. The competent authority, after consultation with the organizations of 
employers and workers concerned, shall identify where the types of work so 
determined exist.<p>
<p>
3. The list of the types of work determined under paragraph 1 of this Article 
shall be periodically examined and revised as necessary, in consultation with 
the organizations of employers and workers concerned.<p>
<p>
Article 5<p>
<p>
Each Member shall, after consultation with employers' and workers' 
organizations, establish or designate appropriate mechanisms to monitor the 
implementation of the provisions giving effect to this Convention.<p>
Article 6<p>
<p>
1. Each Member shall design and implement programmes of action to eliminate as 
a priority the worst forms of child labour.<p>
<p>
2. Such programmes of action shall be designed and implemented in consultation 
with relevant government institutions and employers' and workers' 
organizations, taking into consideration the views of other concerned groups 
as appropriate.<p>
Article 7<p>
<p>
1. Each Member shall take all necessary measures to ensure the effective 
implementation and enforcement of the provisions giving effect to this 
Convention including the provision and application of penal sanctions or, as 
appropriate, other sanctions.<p>
<p>
2. Each Member shall, taking into account the importance of education in 
eliminating child labour, take effective and time-bound measures to:<p>
<p>
(a) prevent the engagement of children in the worst forms of child labour;<p>
<p>
(b) provide the necessary and appropriate direct assistance for the removal of 
children from the worst forms of child labour and for their rehabilitation and 
social integration;<p>
<p>
(c) ensure access to free basic education, and, wherever possible and 
appropriate, vocational training, for all children removed from the worst 
forms of child labour;<p>
<p>
(d) identify and reach out to children at special risk; and<p>
<p>
(e) take account of the special situation of girls.<p>
<p>
3. Each Member shall designate the competent authority responsible for the 
implementation of the provisions giving effect to this Convention.<p>
Article 8<p>
<p>
Members shall take appropriate steps to assist one another in giving effect to 
the provisions of this Convention through enhanced international cooperation 
and/or assistance including support for social and economic development, 
poverty eradication programmes and universal education.<p>
<p>
  
Article 9<p>
<p>
The formal ratifications of this Convention shall be communicated to the 
Director-General of the International Labour Office for registration.<p>
Article 10<p>
<p>
1. This Convention shall be binding only upon those Members of the 
International Labour Organization whose ratifications have been registered 
with the Director-General of the International Labour Office.<p>
<p>
2. It shall come into force 12 months after the date on which the 
ratifications of two Members have been registered with the Director-General.<p>
<p>
3. Thereafter, this Convention shall come into force for any Member 12 months 
after the date on which its ratification has been registered.<p>
Article 11<p>
<p>
1. A Member which has ratified this Convention may denounce it after the 
expiration of ten years from the date on which the Convention first comes into 
force, by an act communicated to the Director-General of the International 
Labour Office for registration. Such denunciation shall not take effect until 
one year after the date on which it is registered.<p>
<p>
2. Each Member which has ratified this Convention and which does not, within 
the year following the expiration of the period of ten years mentioned in the 
preceding paragraph, exercise the right of denunciation provided for in this 
Article, will be bound for another period of ten years and, thereafter, may 
denounce this Convention at the expiration of each period of ten years under 
the terms provided for in this Article.<p>
Article 12<p>
<p>
1. The Director-General of the International Labour Office shall notify all 
Members of the International Labour Organization of the registration of all 
ratifications and acts of denunciation communicated by the Members of the 
Organization.<p>
<p>
2. When notifying the Members of the Organization of the registration of the 
second ratification, the Director-General shall draw the attention of the 
Members of the Organization to the date upon which the Convention shall come 
into force.<p>
Article 13<p>
<p>
The Director-General of the International Labour Office shall communicate to 
the Secretary-General of the United Nations, for registration in accordance 
with article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations, full particulars of all 
ratifications and acts of denunciation registered by the Director-General in 
accordance with the provisions of the preceding Articles.<p>
Article 14<p>
<p>
At such times as it may consider necessary, the Governing Body of the 
International Labour Office shall present to the General Conference a report 
on the working of this Convention and shall examine the desirability of 
placing on the agenda of the Conference the question of its revision in whole 
or in part.<p>
Article 15<p>
<p>
1. Should the Conference adopt a new Convention revising this Convention in 
whole or in part, then, unless the new Convention otherwise provides --<p>
<p>
(a) the ratification by a Member of the new revising Convention shall ipso 
jure involve the immediate denunciation of this Convention, notwithstanding 
the provisions of Article 11 above, if and when the new revising Convention 
shall have come into force;<p>
<p>
(b) as from the date when the new revising Convention comes into force, this 
Convention shall cease to be open to ratification by the Members.<p>
<p>
2. This Convention shall in any case remain in force in its actual form and 
content for those Members which have ratified it but have not ratified the 
revising Convention.<p>
Article 16<p>
<p>
The English and French versions of the text of this Convention are equally 
authoritative.<p>
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