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      <H3><FONT color=#0000ff>C142 Human Resources Development Convention, 1975 
      </FONT></H3></B><FONT size=-2>Convention concerning Vocational Guidance 
      and Vocational Training in the Development of Human Resources (Note: Date 
      of coming into force: 19:07:1977.) <BR>Convention:C142 <BR>Place:Geneva 
      <BR>Session of the Conference:60 <BR>Date of adoption:23:06:1975 
      <BR>Subject classification: Training <BR>Subject: <B>Vocational Guidance 
      and Training</B> <BR>Status: Up-to-date instrument </FONT>
      <P>
      <P>The General Conference of the International Labour Organisation,
      <P>
      <P>Having been convened at Geneva by the Governing Body of the 
      International Labour Office, and having met in its Sixtieth Session on 4 
      June 1970, and
      <P>
      <P>Having decided upon the adoption of certain proposals with regard to 
      human resources development: vocational guidance and vocational training, 
      which is the sixth item on the agenda of the session, and
      <P>
      <P>Having determined that these proposals shall take the form of an 
      international Convention,
      <P>
      <P>adopts this twenty-third day of June of the year one thousand nine 
      hundred and seventy-five the following Convention, which may be cited as 
      the Human Resources Development Convention, 1975:
      <P>
      <P>
      <P>
      <P>Article 1
      <P>1. Each Member shall adopt and develop comprehensive and co-ordinated 
      policies and programmes of vocational guidance and vocational training, 
      closely linked with employment, in particular through public employment 
      services.
      <P>
      <P>2. These policies and programmes shall take due account of --
      <P>
      <P>(a) employment needs, opportunities and problems, both regional and 
      national;
      <P>
      <P>(b) the stage and level of economic, social and cultural development; 
      and
      <P>
      <P>(c) the mutual relationships between human resources development and 
      other economic, social and cultural objectives.
      <P>
      <P>3. The policies and programmes shall be pursued by methods that are 
      appropriate to national conditions.
      <P>
      <P>4. The policies and programmes shall be designed to improve the ability 
      of the individual to understand and, individually or collectively, to 
      influence the working and social environment.
      <P>
      <P>5. The policies and programmes shall encourage and enable all persons, 
      on an equal basis and without any discrimination whatsoever, to develop 
      and use their capabilities for work in their own best interests and in 
      accordance with their own aspirations, account being taken of the needs of 
      society.
      <P>
      <P>Article 2
      <P>With the above ends in view, each Member shall establish and develop 
      open, flexible and complementary systems of general, technical and 
      vocational education, educational and vocational guidance and vocational 
      training, whether these activities take place within the system of formal 
      education or outside it.
      <P>
      <P>Article 3
      <P>1. Each Member shall gradually extend its systems of vocational 
      guidance, including continuing employment information, with a view to 
      ensuring that comprehensive information and the broadest possible guidance 
      are available to all children, young persons and adults, including 
      appropriate programmes for all handicapped and disabled persons.
      <P>
      <P>2. Such information and guidance shall cover the choice of an 
      occupation, vocational training and related educational opportunities, the 
      employment situation and employment prospects, promotion prospects, 
      conditions of work, safety and hygiene at work, and other aspects of 
      working life in the various sectors of economic, social and cultural 
      activity and at all levels of responsibility.
      <P>
      <P>3. The information and guidance shall be supplemented by information on 
      general aspects of collective agreements and of the rights and obligations 
      of all concerned under labour law; this information shall be provided in 
      accordance with national law and practice, taking into account the 
      respective functions and tasks of the workers' and employers' 
      organisations concerned.
      <P>
      <P>Article 4
      <P>Each Member shall gradually extend, adapt and harmonise its vocational 
      training systems to meet the needs for vocational training throughout life 
      of both young persons and adults in all sectors of the economy and 
      branches of economic activity and at all levels of skill and 
      responsibility.
      <P>
      <P>Article 5
      <P>Policies and programmes of vocational guidance and vocational training 
      shall be formulated and implemented in co-operation with employers' and 
      workers' organisations and, as appropriate and in accordance with national 
      law and practice, with other interested bodies.
      <P>
      <P>
      <P>Article 6
      <P>The formal ratifications of this Convention shall be communicated to 
      the Director-General of the International Labour Office for registration.
      <P>
      <P>Article 7
      <P>1. This Convention shall be binding only upon those Members of the 
      International Labour Organisation whose ratifications have been registered 
      with the Director-General.
      <P>
      <P>2. It shall come into force twelve months after the date on which the 
      ratifications of two Members have been registered with the 
      Director-General.
      <P>
      <P>3. Thereafter, this Convention shall come into force for any Member 
      twelve months after the date on which its ratification has been 
registered.
      <P>
      <P>Article 8
      <P>1. A Member which has ratified this Convention may denounce it after 
      the expiration of ten years from the date on which the Convention first 
      comes into force, by an act communicated to the Director-General of the 
      International Labour Office for registration. Such denunciation shall not 
      take effect until one year after the date on which it is registered.
      <P>
      <P>2. Each Member which has ratified this Convention and which does not, 
      within the year following the expiration of the period of ten years 
      mentioned in the preceding paragraph, exercise the right of denunciation 
      provided for in this Article, will be bound for another period of ten 
      years and, thereafter, may denounce this Convention at the expiration of 
      each period of ten years under the terms provided for in this Article.
      <P>
      <P>Article 9
      <P>1. The Director-General of the International Labour Office shall notify 
      all Members of the International Labour Organisation of the registration 
      of all ratifications and denunciations communicated to him by the Members 
      of the Organisation.
      <P>
      <P>2. When notifying the Members of the Organisation of the registration 
      of the second ratification communicated to him, the Director-General shall 
      draw the attention of the Members of the Organisation to the date upon 
      which the Convention will come into force.
      <P>
      <P>Article 10
      <P>The Director-General of the International Labour Office shall 
      communicate to the Secretary-General of the United Nations for 
      registration in accordance with Article 102 of the Charter of the United 
      Nations full particulars of all ratifications and acts of denunciation 
      registered by him in accordance with the provisions of the preceding 
      Articles.
      <P>
      <P>Article 11
      <P>At such times as it may consider necessary the Governing Body of the 
      International Labour Office shall present to the General Conference a 
      report on the working of this Convention and shall examine the 
      desirability of placing on the agenda of the Conference the question of 
      its revision in whole or in part.
      <P>
      <P>Article 12
      <P>1. Should the Conference adopt a new Convention revising this 
      Convention in whole or in part, then, unless the new Convention otherwise 
      provides:
      <P>
      <P>a) the ratification by a Member of the new revising Convention shall 
      ipso jure involve the immediate denunciation of this Convention, 
      notwithstanding the provisions of Article 8 above, if and when the new 
      revising Convention shall have come into force;
      <P>
      <P>b) as from the date when the new revising Convention comes into force 
      this Convention shall cease to be open to ratification by the Members.
      <P>2. This Convention shall in any case remain in force in its actual form 
      and content for those Members which have ratified it but have not ratified 
      the revising Convention.
      <P>
      <P>Article 13
      <P>The English and French versions of the text of this Convention are 
      equally authoritative.
      <P>
      <P>&nbsp;</P>
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