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<title>C.141 Rural Workers' Organizations</title>
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C141 Rural Workers' Organisations Convention, 1975 
<font size=-2>Convention concerning Organisations of Rural Workers and Their Role in
  Economic and Social Development 
  (Note: Date of coming into force: 24:11:1977.) 
      Session of the Conference:60 
      Date of adoption:23:06:1975 
      Subject classification: Collective Bargaining and Agreements
      Subject classification: Freedom of Association
<p>The General Conference of the International Labour Organisation,
Having been convened at Geneva by the Governing Body of the International 
Labour Office, and having met in its Sixtieth Session on 4 June 1975, and<p>
Recognising that the importance of rural workers in the world makes it urgent 
to associate them with economic and social development action if their 
conditions of work and life are to be permanently and effectively improved, 
Noting that in many countries of the world and particularly in developing 
countries there is massive under-utilisation of land and labour and that this 
makes it imperative for rural workers to be given every encouragement to 
develop free and viable organisations capable of protecting and furthering the 
interests of their members and ensuring their effective contribution to 
economic and social development, and<p>
Considering that such organisations can and should contribute to the 
alleviation of the persistent scarcity of food products in various regions of 
the world, and<p>
Recognising that land reform is in many developing countries an essential 
factor in the improvement of the conditions of work and life of rural workers 
and that organisations of such workers should accordingly co-operate and 
participate actively in the implementation of such reform, and<p>
Recalling the terms of existing international labour Conventions and 
Recommendations--in particular the Right of Association (Agriculture) 
Convention, 1921, the Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to 
Organise Convention, 1948, and the Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining 
Convention, 1949--which affirm the right of all workers, including rural 
workers, to establish free and independent organisations, and the provisions 
of numerous international labour Conventions and Recommendations applicable to 
rural workers which call for the participation, inter alia, of workers' 
organisations in their implementation, and<p>
Noting the joint concern of the United Nations and the specialised agencies, 
in particular the International Labour Organisation and the Food and 
Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, with land reform and rural 
development, and<p>
Noting that the following standards have been framed in co-operation with the 
Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations and that, with a view 
to avoiding duplication, there will be continuing co-operation with that 
Organisation and with the United Nations in promoting and securing the 
application of these standards, and<p>
Having decided upon the adoption of certain proposals with regard to 
organisations of rural workers and their role in economic and social 
development, which is the fourth item on the agenda of the session, and<p>
Having determined that these proposals shall take the form of an international 
adopts the twenty-third day of June of the year one thousand nine hundred and 
seventy-five, the following Convention, which may be cited as the Rural 
Workers' Organisations Convention, 1975:<p>
Article 1<p>
This Convention applies to all types of organisations of rural workers, 
including organisations not restricted to but representative of rural workers. 
Article 2<p>
1. For the purposes of this Convention, the term <i>  rural workers  </i> means any 
person engaged in agriculture, handicrafts or a related occupation in a rural 
area, whether as a wage earner or, subject to the provisions of paragraph 2 of 
this Article, as a self-employed person such as a tenant, sharecropper or 
small owner-occupier.<p>
2. This Convention applies only to those tenants, sharecroppers or small 
owner-occupiers who derive their main income from agriculture, who work the 
land themselves, with the help only of their family or with the help of 
occasional outside labour and who do not--<p>
 (a) permanently employ workers; or<p>
 (b) employ a substantial number of seasonal workers; or<p>
 (c) have any land cultivated by sharecroppers or tenants.<p>
Article 3<p>
1. All categories of rural workers, whether they are wage earners or 
self-employed, shall have the right to establish and, subject only to the 
rules of the organisation concerned, to join organisations, of their own 
choosing without previous authorisation.<p>
2. The principles of freedom of association shall be fully respected; rural 
workers' organisations shall be independent and voluntary in character and 
shall remain free from all interference, coercion or repression.<p>
3. The acquisition of legal personality by organisations of rural workers 
shall not be made subject to conditions of such a character as to restrict the 
application of the provisions of the preceding paragraphs of this Article.<p>
4. In exercising the rights provided for in this Article rural workers and 
their respective organisations, like other persons or organised 
collectivities, shall respect the law of the land.<p>
5. The law of the land shall not be such as to impair, nor shall it be so 
applied as to impair, the guarantees provided for in this Article.<p>
Article 4<p>
It shall be an objective of national policy concerning rural development to 
facilitate the establishment and growth, on a voluntary basis, of strong and 
independent organisations of rural workers as an effective means of ensuring 
the participation of rural workers, without discrimination as defined in the 
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention, 1958, in economic and 
social development and in the benefits resulting therefrom.<p>
Article 5<p>
1. In order to enable organisations of rural workers to play their role in 
economic and social development, each Member which ratifies this Convention 
shall adopt and carry out a policy of active encouragement to these 
organisations, particularly with a view to eliminating obstacles to their 
establishment, their growth and the pursuit of their lawful activities, as 
well as such legislative and administrative discrimination against rural 
workers' organisations and their members as may exist.<p>
2. Each Member which ratifies this Convention shall ensure that national laws 
or regulations do not, given the special circumstances of the rural sector, 
inhibit the establishment and growth of rural workers' organisations.<p>
Article 6<p>
Steps shall be taken to promote the widest possible understanding of the need 
to further the development of rural workers' organisations and of the 
contribution they can make to improving employment opportunities and general 
conditions of work and life in rural areas as well as to increasing the 
national income and achieving a better distribution thereof.<p>
Article 7<p>
   The formal ratifications of this Convention shall be communicated to the 
Director-General of the International Labour Office for registration.<p>
Article 8<p>
   1. This Convention shall be binding only upon those Members of the 
International Labour Organisation whose ratifications have been registered 
with the Director-General.<p>
   2. It shall come into force twelve months after the date on which the 
ratifications of two Members have been registered with the Director-General.<p>
   3. Thereafter, this Convention shall come into force for any Member twelve 
months after the date on which its ratifications has been registered.<p>
Article 9<p>
   1. A Member which has ratified this Convention may denounce it after the 
expiration of ten years from the date on which the Convention first comes into 
force, by an Act communicated to the Director-General of the International 
Labour Office for registration. Such denunciation should not take effect until 
one year after the date on which it is registered.<p>
   2. Each Member which has ratified this Convention and which does not, 
within the year following the expiration of the period of ten years mentioned 
in the preceding paragraph, exercise the right of denunciation provided for in 
this Article, will be bound for another period of ten years and, thereafter, 
may denounce this Convention at the expiration of each period of ten years 
under the terms provided for in this Article.<p>
Article 10<p>
   1. The Director-General of the International Labour Office shall notify all 
Members of the International Labour Organisation of the registration of all 
ratifications and denunciations communicated to him by the Members of the 
   2. When notifying the Members of the Organisation of the registration of 
the second ratification communicated to him, the Director-General shall draw 
the attention of the Members of the Organisation to the date upon which the 
Convention will come into force.<p>
Article 11<p>
   The Director-General of the International Labour Office shall communicate 
to the Secretary-General of the United Nations for registration in accordance 
with Article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations full particulars of all 
ratifications and acts of denunciation registered by him in accordance with 
the provisions of the preceding Articles.<p>
Article 12<p>
   At such times as may consider necessary the Governing Body of the 
International Labour Office shall present to the General Conference a report 
on the working of this Convention and shall examine the desirability of 
placing on the agenda of the Conference the question of its revision in whole 
or in part.<p>
Article 13<p>
   1. Should the Conference adopt a new Convention revising this Convention in 
whole or in part, then, unless the new Convention otherwise provides:<p>
a) the ratification by a Member of the new revising Convention shall ipso jure 
involve the immediate denunciation of this Convention, notwithstanding the 
provisions of Article 9 above, if and when the new revising Convention shall 
have come into force;<p>
b) as from the date when the new revising Convention comes into force this 
Convention shall cease to be open to ratification by the Members.<p>
   2. This Convention shall in any case remain in force in its actual form and 
content for those Members which have ratified it but have not ratified the 
revising Convention.<p>
Article 14<p>
   The English and French versions of the text of this Convention are equally 
authoritative.<p><font size=-1>

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