Personal tools

C156_FamilyResponsibility_1981.htm

C156_FamilyResponsibility_1981.htm — HTML, 13Kb

File contents

<html>
<!-- display.cgi : this file maintained by Ann Oakley, last modified on: 1 July 1999 -->
<head>
<title>C.156 Workers with Family Responsibilities</title>
<!---
<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="/css-eng/formatdisplay.css">
--->

<style type="text/css">
.hili {background-color: #9DC4A9;}
BODY {font-family:Arial; margin-left:15; margin-right:10; text-align:justify;}
</style>


<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=iso-8859-1"></head>

<!--<BODY background="/public/english/50normes/images/pap04.jpg">-->
<BODY bgcolor="#FFFFFF">
<table>
<td>
  <font face=arial, helvetica">
<h3><font color=0000ff> C156 Workers with Family Responsibilities Convention, 
        1981</font></h3>
      <h3><font size=-2>Convention concerning Equal Opportunities and Equal Treatment 
        for Men and Women Workers: Workers with Family Responsibilities (Note: 
        Date of coming into force: 11:08:1983.) <br>
        Convention:C156 <br>
        Place:Geneva <br>
        Session of the Conference:67 <br>
        Date of adoption:23:06:1981 <br>
        Subject classification: Equality of Opportunity and Treatment <br>
        Subject classification: Women <br>
        </FONT> </h3>
      <p>
The General Conference of the International Labour Organisation,<p>
<p>
Having been convened at Geneva by the Governing Body of the International 
Labour Office and having met in its Sixty-seventh Session on 3 June 1981, and<p>
<p>
Noting the Declaration of Philadelphia concerning the Aims and Purposes of the 
International Labour Organisation which recognises that "all human beings, 
irrespective of race, creed or sex, have the right to pursue their material 
well-being and their spiritual development in conditions of freedom and 
dignity, of economic security and equal opportunity", and<p>
<p>
Noting the terms of the Declaration on Equality of Opportunity and Treatment 
for Women Workers and of the resolution concerning a plan of action with a 
view to promoting equality of opportunity and treatment for women workers, 
adopted by the International Labour Conference in 1975, and<p>
<p>
Noting the provisions of international labour Conventions and Recommendations 
aimed at ensuring equality of opportunity and treatment for men and women 
workers, namely the Equal Remuneration Convention and Recommendation, 1951, 
the Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention and Recommendation, 
1958, and Part VIII of the Human Resources Development Recommendation, 1975, 
and<p>
<p>
Recalling that the Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention, 
1958, does not expressly cover distinctions made on the basis of family 
responsibilities, and considering that supplementary standards are necessary 
in this respect, and<p>
<p>
Noting the terms of the Employment (Women with Family Responsibilities) 
Recommendation, 1965, and considering the changes which have taken place since 
its adoption, and<p>
<p>
Noting that instruments on equality of opportunity and treatment for men and 
women have also been adopted by the United Nations and other specialised 
agencies, and recalling, in particular, the fourteenth paragraph of the 
Preamble of the United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of 
Discrimination against Women, 1979, to the effect that States Parties are " 
aware that a change in the traditional role of men as well as the role of 
women in society and in the family is needed to achieve full equality between 
men and women", and<p>
<p>
Recognising that the problems of workers with family responsibilities are 
aspects of wider issues regarding the family and society which should be taken 
into account in national policies, and<p>
<p>
Recognising the need to create effective equality of opportunity and treatment 
as between men and women workers with family responsibilities and between such 
workers and other workers, and<p>
<p>
Considering that many of the problems facing all workers are aggravated in the 
case of workers with family responsibilities and recognising the need to 
improve the conditions of the latter both by measures responding to their 
special needs and by measures designed to improve the conditions of workers in 
general, and<p>
<p>
Having decided upon the adoption of certain proposals with regard to equal 
opportunities and equal treatment for men and women workers: workers with 
family responsibilities, which is the fifth item on the agenda of the session, 
and<p>
<p>
Having determined that these proposals shall take the form of an international 
Convention,<p>
<p>
adopts the twenty-third day of June of the year one thousand nine hundred and 
eighty-one, the following Convention, which may be cited as the Workers with 
Family Responsibilities Convention, 1981:<p>
<p>
<p> 
<p>
Article 1<p>
1. This Convention applies to men and women workers with responsibilities in 
relation to their dependent children, where such responsibilities restrict 
their possibilities of preparing for, entering, participating in or advancing 
in economic activity.<p>
<p>
2. The provisions of this Convention shall also be applied to men and women 
workers with responsibilities in relation to other members of their immediate 
family who clearly need their care or support, where such responsibilities 
restrict their possibilities of preparing for, entering, participating in or 
advancing in economic activity.<p>
<p>
3. For the purposes of this Convention, the terms dependent child and other 
member of the immediate family who clearly needs care or support mean persons 
defined as such in each country by one of the means referred to in Article 9 
of this Convention.<p>
<p>
4. The workers covered by virtue of paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article are 
hereinafter referred to as <i>  workers with family responsibilities  </i> .<p>
<p>
Article 2<p>
This Convention applies to all branches of economic activity and all 
categories of workers.<p>
<p>
Article 3<p>
1. With a view to creating effective equality of opportunity and treatment for 
men and women workers, each Member shall make it an aim of national policy to 
enable persons with family responsibilities who are engaged or wish to engage 
in employment to exercise their right to do so without being subject to 
discrimination and, to the extent possible, without conflict between their 
employment and family responsibilities.<p>
<p>
2. For the purposes of paragraph 1 of this Article, the term <i> discrimination 
</i> means discrimination in employment and occupation as defined by Articles 1 
and 5 of the Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention, 1958.<p>
<p>
Article 4<p>
With a view to creating effective equality of opportunity and treatment for 
men and women workers, all measures compatible with national conditions and 
possibilities shall be taken--<p>
 (a) to enable workers with family responsibilities to exercise their right to 
free choice of employment; and<p>
 (b) to take account of their needs in terms and conditions of employment and 
in social security.<p>
<p>
Article 5<p>
All measures compatible with national conditions and possibilities shall 
further be taken--<p>
 (a) to take account of the needs of workers with family responsibilities in 
community planning; and<p>
 (b) to develop or promote community services, public or private, such as 
child-care and family services and facilities.<p>
<p>
Article 6<p>
The competent authorities and bodies in each country shall take appropriate 
measures to promote information and education which engender broader public 
understanding of the principle of equality of opportunity and treatment for 
men and women workers and of the problems of workers with family 
responsibilities, as well as a climate of opinion conducive to overcoming 
these problems.<p>
<p>
Article 7<p>
All measures compatible with national conditions and possibilities, including 
measures in the field of vocational guidance and training, shall be taken to 
enable workers with family responsibilities to become and remain integrated in 
the labour force, as well as to re-enter the labour force after an absence due 
to those responsibilities.<p>
<p>
Article 8<p>
Family responsibilities shall not, as such, constitute a valid reason for 
termination of employment.<p>
<p>
Article 9<p>
The provisions of this Convention may be applied by laws or regulations, 
collective agreements, works rules, arbitration awards, court decisions or a 
combination of these methods, or in any other manner consistent with national 
practice which may be appropriate, account being taken of national conditions. 
<p>
Article 10<p>
1. The provisions of this Convention may be applied by stages if necessary, 
account being taken of national conditions: Provided that such measures of 
implementation as are taken shall apply in any case to all the workers covered 
by Article 1, paragraph 1.<p>
<p>
2. Each Member which ratifies this Convention shall indicate in the first 
report on the application of the Convention submitted under article 22 of the 
Constitution of the International Labour Organisation in what respect, if any, 
it intends to make use of the faculty given by paragraph 1 of this Article, 
and shall state in subsequent reports the extent to which effect has been 
given or is proposed to be given to the Convention in that respect.<p>
<p>
Article 11<p>
Employers' and workers' organisations shall have the right to participate, in 
a manner appropriate to national conditions and practice, in devising and 
applying measures designed to give effect to the provisions of this 
Convention.<p>
<p>
 <p>
Article 12<p>
   The formal ratifications of this Convention shall be communicated to the 
Director-General of the International Labour Office for registration.<p>
<p>
Article 13<p>
   1. This Convention shall be binding only upon those Members of the 
International Labour Organisation whose ratifications have been registered 
with the Director-General.<p>
<p>
   2. It shall come into force twelve months after the date on which the 
ratifications of two Members have been registered with the Director-General.<p>
<p>
   3. Thereafter, this Convention shall come into force for any Member twelve 
months after the date on which its ratifications has been registered.<p>
<p>
Article 14<p>
   1. A Member which has ratified this Convention may denounce it after the 
expiration of ten years from the date on which the Convention first comes into 
force, by an Act communicated to the Director-General of the International 
Labour Office for registration. Such denunciation should not take effect until 
one year after the date on which it is registered.<p>
<p>
   2. Each Member which has ratified this Convention and which does not, 
within the year following the expiration of the period of ten years mentioned 
in the preceding paragraph, exercise the right of denunciation provided for in 
this Article, will be bound for another period of ten years and, thereafter, 
may denounce this Convention at the expiration of each period of ten years 
under the terms provided for in this Article.<p>
<p>
Article 15<p>
   1. The Director-General of the International Labour Office shall notify all 
Members of the International Labour Organisation of the registration of all 
ratifications and denunciations communicated to him by the Members of the 
Organisation.<p>
<p>
   2. When notifying the Members of the Organisation of the registration of 
the second ratification communicated to him, the Director-General shall draw 
the attention of the Members of the Organisation to the date upon which the 
Convention will come into force.<p>
<p>
Article 16<p>
   The Director-General of the International Labour Office shall communicate 
to the Secretary-General of the United Nations for registration in accordance 
with Article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations full particulars of all 
ratifications and acts of denunciation registered by him in accordance with 
the provisions of the preceding Articles.<p>
<p>
Article 17<p>
   At such times as may consider necessary the Governing Body of the 
International Labour Office shall present to the General Conference a report 
on the working of this Convention and shall examine the desirability of 
placing on the agenda of the Conference the question of its revision in whole 
or in part.<p>
<p>
Article 18<p>
   1. Should the Conference adopt a new Convention revising this Convention in 
whole or in part, then, unless the new Convention otherwise provides:<p>
<p>
a) the ratification by a Member of the new revising Convention shall ipso jure 
involve the immediate denunciation of this Convention, notwithstanding the 
provisions of Article 14 above, if and when the new revising Convention shall 
have come into force;<p>
<p>
b) as from the date when the new revising Convention comes into force this 
Convention shall cease to be open to ratification by the Members.<p>
   2. This Convention shall in any case remain in force in its actual form and 
content for those Members which have ratified it but have not ratified the 
revising Convention.<p>
<p>
Article 19<p>
   The English and French versions of the text of this Convention are equally 
authoritative.
<p>&nbsp;</p></td>
</table>
</blockquote>
<HR>
<CENTER></CENTER>
</body>
</html>
Document Actions
Log in


Forgot your password?
 
 
International Training Centre
Programme for Workers' Activities (ACTRAV) - International Training Centre of the ILO
Viale Maestri del Lavoro, 10 - 10127 Turin, Italy