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<H2 align="center"><font color="#7D6241">Safety and Health</font></H2> 
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        <BLOCKQUOTE> 
          <p><FONT COLOR="#2C3568"><EM> One of the main concerns of the ILO is 
            to protect workers against occupational illness and injury. This concerns 
            the broader subject of a safe and healthy working environment embodied 
            in nearly sixty ILO standards -- the highest number in any single 
            field</EM></FONT> </p>
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<PRE> </PRE>
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    <td colspan="2"><p><font color="#7D6241" size="4">National Policy and Action</font></p></td>
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    <td><a href="C155_OSH_1981.htm">The Occupational Safety and Health Convention, 
      1981 (No. 155)</a></td>
    <td>Requires ratifying States to formulate, implement and periodically review 
      a coherent national policy on occupational safety, occupational health and 
      the working environment. Among other things the policy shall take into account 
      the arrangement of elements of the work environment, relations between elements 
      of the work environment, training, communication and co-operation, protection 
      of workers and their representatives from disciplinary measures as a result 
      of actions properly taken by them in conformity with the policy. The Convention 
      is supplemented by Recommendation No. 164 </td>
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    <td><a href="C161_OHServies_1985.htm">The Occupational Health Services Convention, 
      1985, (No. 161)</a></td>
    <td>Concerns services entrusted with essentially preventative functions and 
      responsible for advising the employer, the workers, and their representatives 
      in an undertaking on safety and health at work, and adaptation of the work 
      environment. The Convention requires ratifying States to formulate, implement 
      and periodically review a coherent national policy on occupational health 
      services with a view to developing progressively such services for all workers 
      in all branches of economic activity. The Convention is supplemented by 
      Recommendation No. 171 .</td>
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    <td><a href="C174_Prevention_of_Major_Industrial_Accidents_1993.htm">The Prevention 
      of Major Industrial Accidents Convention, 1993, (No. 174)</a></td>
    <td>Has as its purpose the prevention of major accidents involving hazardous 
      substances and the limitation of the consequences of such accidents. Ratifying 
      States are obliged to formulate, implement and periodically review a coherent 
      national policy concerning the protection of workers, the public and the 
      environment against the risk of major accidents. Details of labour standards 
      implementing the policy shall comply with those set out in the Convention. 
      The Convention is supplemented by Recommendation No. 181 .</td>
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    <td colspan="2"><p><font color="#7D6241" size="4">Protection against particular 
        agents, occupational cancer, handling of machinery, specified risks in 
        the working environment</font></p></td>
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    <td>The Asbestos Convention, 1986 (No. 162) </td>
    <td>Applies to all activities involving exposure of workers to asbestos in 
      the course of work. A ratifying State is obliged to prescribe measures to 
      be taken for the prevention and control of, and protection of workers against, 
      health hazards due to occupational exposure to asbestos. The Convention 
      is supplemented by Recommendation No. 172 .</td>
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    <td>The Benzene Convention, 1971 (No. 136)</td>
    <td>Requires ratifying States to take measure to substitute, prohibit or control 
      the use of benzene in the workplace. The Convention is supplemented by Recommendation 
      No. 144 </td>
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    <td>The Occupational Cancer Convention, 1974 (No. 139) </td>
    <td>Obliges ratifying States to periodically determine carcinogenic substances 
      to which occupational exposure shall be prohibited or made subject to control. 
      With regard to these substances, the ratifying State shall, amongst other 
      things, prescribe the measures to be taken to protect workers from risks 
      of exposure, ensure the establishment of appropriate record-keeping, and 
      ensure that workers are provided with medical examinations and evaluations 
      necessary to supervise their exposure and state of health. The Convention 
      is supplemented by Recommendation No. 147 .</td>
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    <td>The Radiation Protection Convention, 1960 (No. 115)</td>
    <td>Requires ratifying States to take all appropriate steps to ensure effective 
      protection of workers, as regards their health and safety against ionising 
      radiations. Among others, such steps shall include restricting the exposure 
      of workers to the lowest practicable level, collection of data necessary 
      for protection, the fixation of maximum permissible doses of radiation, 
      notification to workers of work and risks involving radiation, and provision 
      of an appropriate medical examination. The Convention is supplemented by 
      Recommendation No. 114 .</td>
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    <td>The Chemicals Convention, 1990 (No. 170)</td>
    <td>Requires ratifying States to formulate, implement and periodically review 
      a coherent policy on safety in the use of chemicals in work, in the light 
      of national conditions and practices and in consultation with the most representative 
      organisations of employers and workers. The policy should address issues 
      such as labelling and marking, responsibilities of employers and suppliers, 
      transfer of chemicals, exposure, operational control, disposal, information 
      and training, duties of workers, rights of workers and their representatives, 
      and responsibilities of exporting States. The Convention is supplemented 
      by Recommendation No. 177 .</td>
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    <td>The Guarding of Machinery Convention, 1963 (No. 119)</td>
    <td>Sets standards for the protection of workers against risks arising from 
      the operation of machinery at the workplace. It sets standards relating 
      to the sale, hire and transfer of machinery and risks inherent in those 
      situations. The Convention is supplemented by Recommendation No. 118 </td>
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    <td>The Marking of Weight (Packages Transported by Vessels) Convention, 1929 
      (No. 27)</td>
    <td> Requires any packages or objects transported by sea of one metric ton 
      or more to be marked as to their gross weight.</td>
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    <td>The Maximum Weight Convention, 1967 (No. 127)</td>
    <td>Obliges the ratifying State to set limits to the weight which may be manually 
      carried by one person. No worker shall be required or permitted to engage 
      in the manual transport of a load which, by reason of its weight, is likely 
      to jeopardise his or her health or safety. The Convention is supplemented 
      by Recommendation No. 128 </td>
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    <td>The Working Environment (Air Pollution, Noise and Vibration) Convention, 
      1977 (No. 148)</td>
    <td>Requires the ratifying State to prescribe measures to be taken for the 
      prevention and control of, and protection against, occupational hazards 
      in the working environment due to air pollution, noise and vibration. The 
      measures developed must take into account the requirements of the Convention. 
      The Convention is supplemented by Recommendation No. 156 .</td>
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    <td colspan="2"><p><font color="#7D6241" size="4">Protection in certain branches 
        of economic activity</font></p></td>
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    <td>The Hygiene (Commerce and Offices) Convention, 1964 (No. 120)</td>
    <td> Requires ratifying States to adopt and maintain in force laws or regulations 
      which ensure the safety and health of persons working in commercial enterprises 
      and offices, in accordance with the requirements set out in Convention. 
      The Convention is supplemented by Recommendation No. 120 .</td>
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    <td>The Occupational Safety and Health (Dock Work) Convention, 1979 (No. 152) 
    </td>
    <td>Covers all work of loading or unloading any ship and work incidental thereto. 
      The Convention is supplemented by Recommendation No. 160 .</td>
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    <td>The Safety and Health in Construction Convention, 1988 (No. 167)</td>
    <td>Requires ratifying States to adopt and maintain in force laws or regulations 
      which ensure the safety and health of workers in the construction industry, 
      in accordance with the requirements set out in Convention. The Convention 
      is supplemented by Recommendation No. 175 .</td>
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    <td>The Safety and Health in Mines Convention, 1995 (No. 176) </td>
    <td>Requires ratifying States to formulate, carry out and periodically review 
      a coherent policy on safety and health in mines, in accordance with the 
      requirements set out in Convention. The Convention is supplemented by Recommendation 
      No. 183 .</td>
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    <td><a href="C184_Safety_Health_Agriculture_2001.htm">The Safety and Health 
      in Agriculture Convention, 2001 (No. 184)</a></td>
    <td>Requires ratifying States to formulate, carry out and periodically review 
      a coherent policy on safety and health in agriculture, in accordance with 
      the requirements set out in Convention.</td>
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