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C157 Maintenance of Social Security Rights Convention, 1982 
</font></h3><font size=-2>
Convention concerning the Establishment of an International System for the
Maintenance of Rights in Social Security 
(Note: Date of coming into force: 11:09:1986.) 
<br>Convention:C157 
<br>Place:Geneva 
<br>Session of the Conference:68 
<br>Date of adoption:21:06:1982 
<br>
        <br>  
</font><p> 
<p>
The General Conference of the International Labour Organisation,<p>
<p>
Having been convened at Geneva by the Governing Body of the International 
Labour Office, and having met in its Sixty-eighth Session on 2 June 1982, and<p>
<p>
Recalling the principles established by the Equality of Treatment (Social 
Security) Convention, 1962, which relate not only to equality of treatment but 
also to the maintenance of acquired rights and of rights in course of 
acquisition, and<p>
<p>
Considering it necessary to provide for the application of the principles of 
the maintenance of rights in course of acquisition and of acquired rights in 
respect of all the branches of social security covered by the Social Security 
(Minimum Standards) Convention, 1952, and<p>
<p>
Having decided upon the adoption of certain proposals with regard to 
maintenance of migrant workers' rights in social security (revision of 
Convention No. 48), which is the fourth item on the agenda of the session, and 
<p>
Having determined that these proposals shall take the form of an international 
Convention;<p>
<p>
adopts the twenty-first day of June of the year one thousand nine hundred and 
eighty-two, the following Convention, which may be cited as the Maintenance of 
Social Security Rights Convention, 1982:<p>
<p>
<p> 
<p>
Part I. General Provisions<p>
<p>
Article 1<p>
In this Convention-<p>
 (a) the term <i>  Member  </i> means any Member of the International Labour 
Organisation that is bound by the Convention;<p>
 (b) the term <i>  legislation  </i> includes any social security rules as well as 
laws and regulations;<p>
 (c) the term <i>  competent Member  </i> means the Member under whose legislation 
the person concerned can claim benefit;<p>
 (d) the term <i>  institution  </i> means the body or authority directly 
responsible for applying all or part of the legislation of a Member;<p>
 (e) the term <i>  refugee  </i> has the meaning assigned to it in Article 1 of the 
Convention relating to the Status of Refugees of 28 July 1951 and in paragraph 
2 of Article 1 of the Protocol relating to the Status of Refugees of 31 
January 1967;<p>
 (f) the term <i>  stateless person  </i> has the meaning assigned to it in Article 
1 of the Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons of 28 
September 1954;<p>
 (g) the term <i>  members of the family  </i> means persons defined or recognised 
as such or as members of the household by the legislation under which benefits 
are awarded or provided, as appropriate, or persons determined by mutual 
agreement between the Members concerned; where persons are defined or 
recognised as members of the family or as members of the household under the 
relevant legislation only on the condition that they are living with the 
person concerned, this condition shall be deemed to be satisfied in respect of 
persons who obtain their main support from the person concerned;<p>
 (h) the term <i>  survivors  </i> means persons defined or recognised as such by 
the legislation under which benefits are awarded; where persons are defined or 
recognised as survivors under the relevant legislation only on the condition 
that they were living with the deceased, this condition shall be deemed to be 
satisfied in respect of persons who obtained their main support from the 
deceased;<p>
 (i) the term <i>  residence  </i> means ordinary residence;<p>
 (j) the term <i>  temporary residence  </i> means a temporary stay;<p>
 (k) the term <i>  periods of insurance  </i> means periods of contribution, 
employment, occupational activity or residence which are defined or recognised 
as periods of insurance by the legislation under which they were completed, 
and such other periods as are regarded by that legislation as equivalent to 
periods of insurance;<p>
 (l) the terms <i>  periods of employment  </i> and <i>  periods of occupational 
activity  </i> mean periods defined or recognised as such by the legislation 
under which they were completed and such other periods as are regarded by that 
legislation as equivalent to periods of employment or periods of occupational 
activity respectively;<p>
 (m) the term <i>  periods of residence  </i> means periods of residence defined or 
recognised as such by the legislation under which they were completed;<p>
 (n) the term <i>  non-contributory  </i> applies to benefits the award of which 
does not depend on direct financial participation by the persons protected or 
by their employer, or on a qualifying period of occupational activity, and to 
any scheme which exclusively awards such benefits;<p>
 (o) the term <i>  benefits awarded under transitional arrangements  </i> covers 
benefits awarded to persons who are over a given age on the date of entry into 
force of the legislation applicable, as well as benefits awarded, as a 
transitional measure, in consideration of events that have occurred or periods 
that have been completed outside the current frontiers of the territory of a 
Member.<p>
<p>
Article 2<p>
1. Subject to the provisions of paragraph 1 and of paragraph 3, subparagraph 
(a), of Article 4, this Convention applies to those of the following branches 
of social security for which a Member has legislation in force:<p>
 (a) medical care;<p>
 (b) sickness benefit;<p>
 (c) maternity benefit;<p>
 (d) invalidity benefit;<p>
 (e) old-age benefit;<p>
 (f) survivors' benefit;<p>
  (g) employment injury benefit, namely benefit in respect of occupational 
injuries and diseases;<p>
  (h) unemployment benefit; and<p>
  (i) family benefit.<p>
<p>
2. This Convention applies to rehabilitation benefits provided by legislation 
concerning any of the branches of social security referred to in paragraph 1 
of this Article.<p>
<p>
3. This Convention applies to all general and special social security schemes, 
both contributory and non-contributory, as well as to schemes consisting of 
obligations imposed on employers by legislation in respect of any branch of 
social security referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article.<p>
<p>
4. This Convention does not apply to special schemes for civil servants, to 
special schemes for war victims or to social or medical assistance schemes.<p>
<p>
Article 3<p>
1. Subject to the provisions of paragraph 1 and paragraph 3, subparagraph (b), 
of Article 4 and of paragraph 1 of Article 9, this Convention applies to 
persons who are or have been subject to the legislation of one or more 
Members, as well as to the members of their families and to their survivors, 
in all cases in which the international system for the maintenance of rights 
established by this Convention requires that account be taken of the 
legislation of a Member other than the Member in whose territory the persons 
concerned are resident or temporarily resident.<p>
<p>
2. This Convention does not require any Member to apply its provisions to 
persons who, by virtue of international instruments, are exempted from the 
application of the legislation of that Member.<p>
<p>
Article 4<p>
1. Members may give effect to their obligations under the terms of Parts II to 
VI of this Convention by bilateral or multilateral instruments giving effect 
to these obligations, under conditions to be determined by mutual agreement 
between the Members concerned.<p>
<p>
2. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article, the 
provisions of paragraph 4 of Article 7, of paragraphs 2 and 3 of Article 8, of 
paragraphs 1 and 4 of Article 9, of Article 11, of Article 12, of Article 14 
and of paragraph 3 of Article 18 of this Convention shall be immediately 
applied by each Member as from the coming into force of this Convention for 
that Member.<p>
<p>
3. The instruments referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article shall specify in 
particular-<p>
 (a) the branches of social security to which they apply, having regard to the 
requirement of reciprocity referred to in Articles 6 and 10 of this 
Convention; these branches shall, where the Members concerned have legislation 
covering them, comprise at least invalidity benefits, old-age benefits, 
survivors' benefits and pensions in respect of employment injuries, including 
death grants, as well as, subject to the provisions of paragraph 1 of Article 
10 of this Convention, medical care, sickness benefits, maternity benefits and 
benefits in respect of employment injuries, other than pensions and death 
grants;<p>
 (b) the categories of persons to which they are applicable; these categories 
shall comprise at least employees (including, as appropriate, frontier workers 
and seasonal workers), as well as the members of their families and their 
survivors, who are nationals of one of the Members concerned or who are 
refugees or stateless persons resident in the territory of one of these 
Members;<p>
 (c) the arrangements for the reimbursement of the benefits provided and other 
costs borne by the institution of one Member on behalf of the institution of 
another Member unless it has been agreed that there shall be no reimbursement; 
 (d) the rules to avoid undue plurality of contributions or other liabilities 
or of benefits.<p>
<p>
Part II. Applicable Legislation<p>
<p>
Article 5<p>
1. The legislation applicable in respect of the persons covered by this 
Convention shall be determined by mutual agreement between the Members 
concerned, with a view to avoiding conflicts of laws and the undesirable 
consequences that might ensue for those concerned either through lack of 
protection, or as a result of undue plurality of contributions or other 
liabilities or of benefits, in accordance with the following rules:<p>
 (a) employees who are normally employed in the territory of a Member shall be 
subject to the legislation of that Member, even if they are resident in the 
territory of another Member or if the undertaking which employs them has its 
registered office, or their employer has his place of residence, in the 
territory of another Member;<p>
 (b) self-employed persons who normally engage in their occupation in the 
territory of a Member shall be subject to the legislation of that Member, even 
if they are resident in the territory of another Member;<p>
 (c) employees and self-employed persons sailing on board a ship flying the 
flag of a Member shall be subject to the legislation of that Member even if 
they are resident in the territory of another Member or if the undertaking 
which employs them has its registered office, or their employer has his place 
of residence, in the territory of another Member;<p>
 (d) persons who are not part of the economically active population shall be 
subject to the legislation of the Member in whose territory they are resident, 
in so far as they are not protected in virtue of subparagraphs (a) to (c) of 
this paragraph.<p>
<p>
2. Notwithstanding the provisions of subparagraphs (a) to  (c) of paragraph 1 
of this Article, Members concerned may agree that certain categories of 
persons, in particular self-employed persons, shall be subject to the 
legislation of the Member in whose territory they are resident.<p>
<p>
3. Members concerned may determine by mutual agreement other exceptions to the 
rules set forth in paragraph 1 of this Article, in the interest of the persons 
concerned.<p>
<p>
Part III. Maintenance of Rights in Course of Acquisition<p>
<p>
Article 6<p>
Subject to the provisions of paragraph 3, subparagraph (a), of Article 4 of 
this Convention, each Member shall endeavour to participate with every other 
Member concerned in schemes for the maintenance of rights in course of 
acquisition, as regards each branch of social security referred to in 
paragraph 1 of Article 2 of this Convention and for which every one of these 
Members has legislation in force, for the benefit of persons who have been 
subject successively or alternately to the legislation of the said Members.<p>
<p>
Article 7<p>
1. The schemes for the maintenance of rights in course of acquisition referred 
to in Article 6 of this Convention shall provide for the adding together, to 
the extent necessary, of periods of insurance, employment, occupational 
activity or residence, as the case may be, completed under the legislation of 
the Members concerned for the purposes of:<p>
 (a) participation in voluntary insurance or optional continued insurance, 
where appropriate;<p>
 (b) acquisition, maintenance or recovery of rights and, as the case may be, 
calculation of benefits.<p>
<p>
2. Periods completed concurrently under the legislation of two or more Members 
shall be reckoned only once.<p>
<p>
3. The Members concerned shall, where necessary, determine by mutual agreement 
special arrangements for adding together periods which are different in nature 
and periods qualifying for right to benefits under special schemes.<p>
<p>
4. Where a person has completed periods under the legislation of three or more 
Members which are parties to different bilateral or multilateral instruments, 
each Member which is concurrently bound by two or more of the instruments in 
question shall add these periods together, to the extent necessary, in 
accordance with the provisions of these instruments, for the purposes of 
acquisition, maintenance or recovery of rights to benefit.<p>
<p>
Article 8<p>
1. The schemes for the maintenance of rights in course of acquisition referred 
to in Article 6 of this Convention shall determine the formula of awarding:<p>
 (a) invalidity, old-age and survivors' benefits, and<p>
 (b) pensions, in respect of occupational diseases, as well as the 
apportionment, where appropriate, of the costs involved.<p>
<p>
2. In the case referred to in paragraph 4 of Article 7 of this Convention, 
each Member which is concurrently bound by two or more of the instruments in 
question shall apply the provisions of these instruments for the purpose of 
calculating benefits to which there is a right under its legislation, taking 
into account the periods added together in accordance with the legislation of 
the Members concerned.<p>
<p>
3. Where in application of the provisions of paragraph 2 of this Article a 
Member would have to award benefits of the same nature to the same person in 
pursuance of two or more bilateral or multilateral instruments, that Member 
shall be required to award only the benefit most favourable to the person 
concerned as determined on the initial award of these benefits.<p>
<p>
4. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 2 of this Article the Members 
concerned may, where necessary, agree on supplementary provisions for the 
calculation of the benefits specified in that paragraph.<p>
<p>
Part IV. Maintenance of Acquired Rights and Provision of Benefits Abroad<p>
<p>
Article 9<p>
1. Each Member shall guarantee the provision of invalidity, old-age and 
survivors' cash benefits, pensions in respect of employment injuries and death 
grants, to which a right is acquired under its legislation, to beneficiaries 
who are nationals of a Member or refugees or stateless persons, irrespective 
of their place of residence, subject to measures for this purpose to be taken, 
where necessary, by agreement between the Members or with the states 
concerned.<p>
<p>
2. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article, the Members 
concerned which participate in the schemes for the maintenance of rights in 
course of acquisition referred to in Article 6 of this Convention may agree to 
guarantee the provision of the benefits referred to in the said paragraph to 
beneficiaries resident in the territory of a Member other than the competent 
Member, within the framework of the bilateral or multilateral agreements 
referred to in paragraph 1 of Article 4 of this Convention.<p>
<p>
3. In addition, notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article, 
in the case of non-contributory benefits, the Members concerned shall 
determine by mutual agreement the conditions under which the provision of 
these benefits shall be guaranteed to beneficiaries resident in the territory 
of a Member other than the competent member.<p>
<p>
4. The provisions of paragraphs 1, 2 and 3 of this Article need not be applied 
to:<p>
 (a) special non-contributory benefits awarded as a form of assistance or in 
cases of need;<p>
 (b) benefits awarded under transitional schemes.<p>
<p>
Article 10<p>
1. Members concerned shall endeavour to participate in schemes for the 
maintenance of rights acquired under their legislation, taking into account 
the provisions of Part III of this Convention, as regards each of the 
following branches of social security for which each of these Members has 
legislation in force: medical care, sickness benefit, maternity benefit and 
benefit in respect of employment injuries, other than pensions and death 
grants. These schemes shall guarantee such benefits to persons resident or 
temporarily resident in the territory of one of these Members other than the 
competent Member, under conditions and within limits to be determined by 
mutual agreement between the Members concerned.<p>
<p>
2. When not assured by existing legislation, the reciprocity required by 
paragraph 1 of this Article may be assured by measures taken by a Member to 
guarantee benefits corresponding to the benefits provided under the 
legislation of another Member, subject to the agreement of that Member.<p>
<p>
3. Members concerned shall endeavour to participate in schemes for the 
maintenance of rights acquired under their legislation, taking into account 
the provisions of Part III of this Convention, as regards each of the 
following branches of social security for which each of these Members has 
legislation in force: unemployment benefit, family benefit and, 
notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1 of Article 9 of this Convention 
and paragraph 1 of this Article, rehabilitation benefit. These schemes shall 
guarantee such benefits to persons resident in the territory of one of these 
Members other than the competent Member, under conditions and within limits to 
be determined by mutual agreement between the Members concerned.<p>
<p>
Article 11<p>
The rules for the adjustment of benefits provided for under the legislation of 
a Member shall be applicable to the benefits payable under that legislation by 
virtue of the provisions of this Convention.<p>
<p>
Part V. Administrative Assistance and Assistance to Persons Covered by this 
Convention<p>
<p>
Article 12<p>
1. The authorities and institutions of Members shall afford one another 
assistance with a view to facilitating the application of this Convention and 
of their respective legislation.<p>
<p>
2. In principle, the administrative assistance given by these authorities and 
institutions to one another shall be free of charge. Members may agree to 
reimburse certain expenses.<p>
<p>
3. The authorities, institutions and jurisdictions of one Member may not 
reject claims or other documents submitted to them by reason of the fact that 
they are written in an official language of another Member.<p>
<p>
Article 13<p>
1. Where a claimant is resident in the territory of a Member other than the 
competent Member, he may present his claim validly to the institution of his 
place of residence, which shall forward it to the institution or institutions 
referred to in the claim.<p>
<p>
2. Any claim, declaration or appeal that should have been submitted, under the 
legislation of a Member, within a specified time to an authority, institution 
or jurisdiction of that Member, shall be admissible if it is submitted within 
that time-limit to an authority, institution or jurisdiction of another Member 
in the territory of which the claimant is resident. In such event, the 
authority, institution or jurisdiction receiving the claim, declaration or 
appeal shall forward it without delay to the competent authority, institution 
or jurisdiction of the first Member. The date on which any claim, declaration 
or appeal was submitted to an authority, institution or jurisdiction of the 
second Member shall be deemed to be the date of its submission to the 
authority, institution or jurisdiction competent to deal with it.<p>
<p>
3. Benefits to be provided by a Member to a beneficiary resident or 
temporarily resident in the territory of another Member may be provided either 
directly by the institution liable for the payment, or through the 
intermediary of an institution designated by the latter Member, at the place 
where the beneficiary is resident or temporarily resident, subject to the 
agreement of the Members concerned.<p>
<p>
Article 14<p>
Each Member shall promote the development of social services to assist persons 
covered by this Convention, particularly migrant workers, in their dealings 
with the authorities, institutions and jurisdictions, particularly with 
respect to the award and receipt of benefits to which they are entitled and 
the exercise of their right of appeal, as well as in order to promote their 
personal and family welfare.<p>
<p>
Part VI. Miscellaneous Provisions<p>
<p>
Article 15<p>
Except for invalidity, old-age and survivors' benefits and benefits in respect 
of occupational disease, the costs of which are apportioned among two or more 
Members, this Convention shall not confer or maintain a right to several 
benefits of the same nature based on the same period of compulsory insurance, 
employment, occupational activity or residence.<p>
<p>
Article 16<p>
1. The benefits provided and other costs borne by an institution of a Member 
on behalf of an institution of another Member shall be reimbursed in 
accordance with the modalities determined by mutual agreement among these 
Members, unless they have agreed that there shall be no reimbursement.<p>
<p>
2. Transfers of sums resulting from the application of this Convention shall 
be effected, if need be, in accordance with the agreements in force between 
the Members concerned at the date of transfer. In the absence of such 
agreements, the necessary arrangements shall be agreed between them.<p>
<p>
Article 17<p>
1. Members may derogate from the provisions of this Convention by special 
arrangements within the framework of the bilateral or multilateral instruments 
concluded amongst two or more of them, on condition that they do not affect 
the rights and obligations of other Members and settle the maintenance of 
rights on terms which, in the aggregate, are at least as favourable as those 
of this Convention.<p>
<p>
2. A Member shall be deemed to satisfy the provisions of paragraph 1 of 
Article 9 and of Article 11 of this Convention:<p>
 (a) if it guarantees at the date of its ratification the provision of the 
relevant benefits in a substantial amount prescribed under its legislation, to 
all beneficiaries regardless of their nationality and irrespective of their 
place of residence; and<p>
 (b) if it gives effect to the provisions of paragraph 1 of Article 9 and of 
Article 11 of this Convention within the framework of the bilateral or 
multilateral instruments referred to in paragraph 1 of Article 4 of this 
Convention.<p>
<p>
3. Each Member which has taken advantage of the provisions of paragraph 2 of 
this Article shall indicate in its reports on the application of this 
Convention submitted under article 22 of the Constitution of the International 
Labour Organisation:<p>
 (a) that its reasons for doing so subsist; or<p>
 (b) that it renounces its right to avail itself of the provisions of the 
above-mentioned paragraph of this Article as from a stated date.<p>
<p>
Part VII. Transitional and Final Provisions<p>
<p>
Article 18<p>
1. This Convention does not confer any right to benefit in respect of a period 
prior to its coming into force for the Members concerned.<p>
<p>
2. For the application of the provisions of this Convention, all periods of 
insurance, employment, occupational activity or residence completed under the 
legislation of a Member before the date on which a scheme for the maintenance 
of rights in course of acquisition referred to in Article 6 of this Convention 
enters into force for the Member concerned shall be taken into account for the 
purpose of determining whether rights arise under that scheme as from the date 
of its entry into force, subject to specific provisions to be agreed upon, if 
necessary, between the Members concerned.<p>
<p>
3. Any benefit referred to in paragraph 1 of Article 9 of this Convention, 
which has not been awarded or which has been suspended on account of the 
residence of the claimant in the territory of a State other than the competent 
Member, shall be awarded or resumed, at the request of the person concerned, 
as from the date on which this Convention enters into force for the latter 
Member or from the date of its entry into force for the Member of which he is 
a national, whichever is the later, unless the person concerned has previously 
obtained a lumpsum settlement in place of this benefit. The provisions of the 
legislation of the competent Member concerning the extinction of rights shall 
not be invoked against the person concerned if he submits his request within 
two years following this date or the date of the coming into effect of the 
measures provided for in paragraph 1 of Article 9, as the case may be.<p>
<p>
4. Members concerned shall determine by mutual agreement the extent to which a 
scheme for the maintenance of rights in course of acquisition referred to in 
Article 6 of this Convention applies to a contingency arising before the entry 
into force of the scheme for these Members.<p>
<p>
Article 19<p>
1. The denunciation of this Convention by a Member shall not affect the 
Member's obligations with respect to contingencies arising before the date on 
which denunciation has taken effect.<p>
<p>
2. Rights in course of acquisition which are maintained by virtue of this 
Convention shall not lapse by reason of its denunciation by a Member; their 
further maintenance during the period subsequent to the date on which this 
Convention ceased to be in force shall be determined by the bilateral or 
multilateral social security instruments concluded by the Member, or, in the 
absence of such instruments, by the legislation of the said Member.<p>
<p>
Article 20<p>
1. This Convention, revises, on the terms set forth in the following 
paragraphs of this Article, the Maintenance of Migrants' Pension Rights 
Convention, 1935.<p>
<p>
2. The coming into force of this Convention for any Member bound by the 
obligations of the Maintenance of Migrants' Pension Rights Convention, 1935, 
shall not, ipso jure, involve the immediate denunciation of that Convention.<p>
<p>
3. The Maintenance of Migrants' Pension Rights Convention, 1935, shall cease 
to have effect in the relations between any Members parties thereto as and 
when a scheme for the maintenance of rights in course of acquisition in 
pursuance of Article 6 of this Convention has become applicable in these 
relations.<p>
<p>
  
<p>
Article 21<p>
The formal ratifications of this Convention shall be communicated to the 
Director-General of the International Labour Office for registration.<p>
<p>
Article 22<p>
1. This Convention shall be binding only upon those Members of the 
International Labour Organisation whose ratifications have been registered 
with the Director-General.<p>
<p>
2. It shall come into force twelve months after the date on which the 
ratifications of two Members have been registered with the Director-General.<p>
<p>
3. Thereafter, this Convention shall come into force for any Member twelve 
months after the date on which its ratification has been registered.<p>
<p>
Article 23<p>
1. A Member which has ratified this Convention may denounce it after the 
expiration of ten years from the date on which the Convention first comes into 
force, by an act communicated to the Director-General of the International 
Labour Office for registration. Such denunciation shall not take effect until 
one year after the date on which it is registered.<p>
<p>
2. Each Member which has ratified this Convention and which does not, within 
the year following the expiration of the period of ten years mentioned in the 
preceding paragraph, exercise the right of denunciation provided for in this 
Article, will be bound for another period of ten years and, thereafter, may 
denounce this Convention at the expiration of each period of ten years under 
the terms provided for in this Article.<p>
<p>
Article 24<p>
1. The Director-General of the International Labour Office shall notify all 
Members of the International Labour Organisation of the registration of all 
ratifications and denunciations communicated to him by the Members of the 
Organisation.<p>
<p>
2. When notifying the Members of the Organisation of the registration of the 
second ratification communicated to him, the Director-General shall draw the 
attention of the Members of the Organisation to the date upon which the 
Convention will come into force.<p>
<p>
Article 25<p>
The Director-General of the International Labour Office shall communicate to 
the Secretary-General of the United Nations for registration in accordance 
with article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations full particulars of all 
ratifications and acts of denunciation registered by him in accordance with 
the provisions of the preceding Articles.<p>
<p>
Article 26<p>
At such times as it may consider necessary the Governing Body of the 
International Labour Office shall present to the General Conference a report 
on the working of this Convention and shall examine the desirability of 
placing on the agenda of the Conference the question of its revision in whole 
or in part.<p>
<p>
Article 27<p>
1. Should the Conference adopt a new Convention revising this Convention in 
whole or in part, then, unless the new Convention otherwise provides-<p>
 (a) the ratification by a Member of the new revising Convention shall  ipso 
jure involve the immediate denunciation of this Convention, notwithstanding 
the provisions of Article 23 above, if and when the new revising Convention 
shall have come into force;<p>
 (b) as from the date when the new revising Convention comes into force this 
Convention shall cease to be open to ratification by the Members.<p>
<p>
2. This Convention shall in any case remain in force in its actual form and 
content for those Members which have ratified it but have not ratified the 
revising Convention.<p>
<p>
Article 28<p>
The English and French versions of the text of this Convention are equally 
authoritative.
        <p> <font size=-1> </font> </font></td>
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