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        Social </font><font color="#7D6241">Security</font></H2>
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        <BLOCKQUOTE> <FONT COLOR="#2C3568"><EM> A large number of international 
          labour standards are concerned with<br>
          the promotion of social security for workers and their families</EM></FONT> 
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      <P><br>
        International labour standards adopted before the Second World War aimed 
        at protecting certain categories of workers against specific contingencies. 
        Many of these early conventions are considered outmoded. In the post war 
        era, efforts were made to elaborate standards instituting social security 
        systems and covering all or several branches of social security. The comprehensive 
        minimum standard is Convention No. 102.</P>
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    <td><a href="C102_Social_Security_1952.htm">Social Security (Minimum Standards) 
      Convention, 1952 (No. 102)</a></td>
    <td>Provides for minimum standards in nine distinct branches of social security 
      (medical care, sickness, unemployment, old-age, employment injury, family, 
      maternity, invalidity, and survivors' benefits). A State must accept at 
      least three of these branches to ratify the Convention. The minimum standard 
      provided by the Convention is defined as regards the scope of protection 
      and the benefits, including their amount. The Convention introduces the 
      idea of a general level of social security that should progressively be 
      attained everywhere, since the system can be adapted to the economic and 
      social conditions prevailing in each country, whatever the degree of its 
      development.</td>
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    <td><a href="C121_Employment_Injury_Benefits_1964.htm">Employment Injury Benefits 
      Convention, 1964(No. 121)</a></td>
    <td>&nbsp;</td>
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    <td><a href="C128_Invalidity_OldAge_&_Survivors_Benefits_1967.htm">Invalidity, 
      Old-age and Survivors' Benefits Convention, 1967 (No. 128)</a></td>
    <td>&nbsp;</td>
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    <td><a href="C130_Medical_Care_&_Sick_Benefits_1969.htm">Medical Care 
      and Sickness Benefits Convetnion, 1969 (No. 130)</a> </td>
    <td>&nbsp;</td>
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    <td><a href="C168_Emp_Promot_&_Protect_agst_Unemp_1988.htm">Employment 
      Promotion and Protection against Unemployment Convention, 1988 (No. 168)</a></td>
    <td>Lays down the essential features of the unemployment benefit scheme which, 
      together with such other means as employment services, vocational guidance 
      and training, is designed to contribute to an active employment policy as 
      a priority national objective. Besides protection against full unemployment, 
      the Convention also protects against loss of earnings due to partial unemployment 
      and temporary suspension of work, and calls on ILO Members to promote additional 
      job opportunities for identified categories of disadvantaged persons and 
      to extend protection progressively to new applicants for employment. In 
      addition to tradtional grounds, it also forbids discrimination on the basis 
      of disability or age.</td>
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    <td><a href="../women/c183_maternity_protection_2000.htm">Maternity Protection 
      Convention, 2000 (No. 183)</a></td>
    <td>Obliges the ratifying states to adopt appropriate measures to ensure that 
      pregnant or breastfeeding women are not obliged to perform work prejudicial 
      to the health of the mother or the child and to provide for fourteen weeks 
      of maternity leave with entitlement to cash benefits and medical care.</td>
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    <td><a href="C118_Equality_of_Treatment_1962.htm">Equality of Treatment (Social 
      Security) Convention, 1962 (No. 118)</a></td>
    <td>Provides for equality of treatment to be granted to workers of other ratifying 
      countries as regards all nine branches of social security, although the 
      obligations of the Convention may be accepted as regards only one of those 
      branches. Payment of long term benefits shall be guaranteed, even when they 
      are residents abroad, to the nationals of the ratifying State, as well as 
      to nationals of any other State that has accepted the obligations of the 
      Convention for the corresponding branch. Family allowances shall be guaranteed 
      in respect of children resident within the territory of one of the States 
      having accepted the obligations of the Convention for such branch.</td>
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    <td><a href="C157_Maintenance_of_SS_Rights_1982.htm">Maintenance of Social 
      Security Rights Convention, 1982 (No. 157)</a> </td>
    <td> Provides for the establishment of an international system for the maintenance 
      of rights under all branches of social security for persons who are working 
      or staying outside their country. The Convention is supplemented by Recommendation 
      No. 167 which contains in annexes model provisions intended to promote the 
      conclusion of bilateral or multilateral social security instruments.</td>
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