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C45 Underground Work (Women) Convention, 1935 
</font></h3></b><font size=-2>
Convention concerning the Employment of Women on Underground Work in Mines of
all Kinds 
(Note: Date of coming into force: 30:05:1937.) 
<br>Convention:C045 
<br>Place:Geneva 
<br>Session of the Conference:19 
<br>Date of adoption:21:06:1935 
<br>Subject classification: Underground Work
<br>
      <br>
      Status: Other instrument subject to a request for information 
 
</FONT><p> 
<p>
The General Conference of the International Labour Organisation,<p>
<p>
Having been convened at Geneva by the Governing Body of the International 
Labour Office, and having met in its Nineteenth Session on 4 June 1935, and<p>
<p>
Having decided upon the adoption of certain proposals with regard to the 
employment of women on underground work in mines of all kinds, which is the 
second item on the agenda of the Session, and<p>
<p>
Having determined that these proposals shall take the form of an international 
Convention,<p>
<p>
adopts this twenty-first day of June of the year one thousand nine hundred and 
thirty-five, the following Convention, which may be cited as the Underground 
Work (Women) Convention, 1935:<p>
<p>
<p> 
<p>
Article 1<p>
For the purpose of this Convention, the term <i>  mine  </i> includes any 
undertaking, whether public or private, for the extraction of any substance 
from under the surface of the earth.<p>
<p>
Article 2<p>
No female, whatever her age, shall be employed on underground work in any 
mine.<p>
<p>
Article 3<p>
National laws or regulations may exempt from the above prohibition--<p>
(a) females holding positions of management who do not perform manual work;<p>
(b) females employed in health and welfare services;<p>
(c) females who, in the course of their studies, spend a period of training in 
the underground parts of a mine; and<p>
(d) any other females who may occasionally have to enter the underground parts 
of a mine for the purpose of a non-manual occupation.<p>
<p>
 <p>
Article 4<p>
<p>
The formal ratifications of this Convention shall be communicated to the 
Director-General of the International Labour Office for registration.<p>
<p>
Article 5<p>
<p>
1.  This Convention shall be binding only upon those Members of the 
International Labour Organisation whose ratifications have been registered 
with the Director-General.<p>
<p>
2.  It shall come into force twelve months after the date on which the 
ratifications of two Members have been registered with the Director-General.<p>
<p>
3.  Thereafter, this Convention shall come into force for any Member twelve 
months after the date on which its ratification has been registered.<p>
<p>
Article 6<p>
<p>
As soon as the ratifications of two Members of the International Labour 
Organisation have been registered, the Director-General of the International 
Labour Office shall so notify all the Members of the International Labour 
Organisation. He shall likewise notify them of the registration of 
ratifications which may be communicated subsequently by other Members of the 
Organisation.<p>
<p>
Article 7<p>
<p>
1.  A Member which has ratified this Convention may denounce it after the 
expiration of ten years from the date on which the Convention first comes into 
force, by an act communicated to the Director-General of the International 
Labour Office for registration.  Such denunciation shall not take effect until 
one year after the date on which it is registered.<p>
<p>
2.  Each Member which has ratified this Convention and which does not, within 
the year following the expiration of the period of ten years mentioned in the 
preceding paragraph, exercise the right of denunciation provided for in this 
Article, will be bound for another period of ten years and, thereafter, may 
denounce this Convention at the expiration of each period of ten years under 
the terms provided for in this Article.<p>
<p>
Article 8<p>
<p>
At such times as it may consider necessary the Governing Body of the 
International Labour Office shall present to the General Conference a report 
on the working of this Convention and shall examine the desirability of 
placing on the agenda of the Conference the question of its revision in whole 
or in part.<p>
<p>
Article 9<p>
<p>
1.  Should the Conference adopt a new Convention revising this Convention in 
whole or in part, then unless the new Convention otherwise provides,<p>
(a)  the ratification by a Member of the new revising Convention shall ipso 
jure involve the immediate denunciation of this Convention, notwithstanding 
the provisions of Article 7 above, if and when the new revising Convention 
shall have come into force;<p>
<p>
(b)  as from the date when the new revising Convention comes into force, this 
Convention shall cease to be open to ratification by the Members.<p>
<p>
2.  This Convention shall in any case remain in force in its actual form and 
content for those Members which have ratified it but have not ratified the 
revising Convention.<p>
<p>
Article 10<p>
<p>
The French and English texts of this Convention shall both be authentic.
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